Cataract are a medical condition which causes the eye lens to become opaque resulting in blurred vision. Most people do not usually notice that they have cataracts but over time, the condition makes a person’s vision blurry and hazy resulting in people having trouble doing everyday activities. Cataracts can occur in one or both eyes but they do not spread from one eye to another.
Anyone can get cataracts however the condition is usually considered to be age related which means that it is more common in older people. Apart from this, if you have a family history of cataracts, spend too much time in the sun or take steroid medication, you are also at a risk of contracting cataracts. This is also true for people who consume a lot of alcohol, people who smoke, if you have ever had an eye injury or radiation treatment in your upper body or if you have certain health problems such as diabetes.
At this point you may be wondering what the symptoms of a forming cataract are. Well, the answer is that you may not be symptomatic at first when the cataracts are mild. However, you may notice that your vision has become blurry and that colours look faded. you may also notice that you are struggling to see at night and that lamps, sunlight or headlights seem too bright. Most people dismiss such signs but considering the fact that they could be a sign of cataracts or other eye problems, you should talk to your eye doctor as soon as you experience any of these symptoms. It is important to note that if left untreated, cataracts can very well lead to complete vision loss.
Cataracts can be prevented by taking steps to protect your eyes. For starters, you could wear sunglasses and a hat with a brim to block the sun rays.
Secondly, quit smoking. It will not only eliminate the risk of cataracts but quitting smoking will also result in overall better health improvements.
The third thing you need to do is to change your diet to include plenty of fruits and vegetables. Dark leafy greens such as spinach and kale have to become your new best friends as they are rich in antioxidants which can help improve and maintain your vision.
The other thing you have to do is to get a dilated eye exam once every two years if you are over the age of 60.
If you do find yourself suffering from cataracts, you may be wondering how it is treated. The answer is that surgery is the only way to treat cataracts. You will need to do some research before making a booking. You can click here if you need more information about cataracts, treatment options and cataract surgery procedures.
This is necessary if the condition is getting in the way of normal everyday activities such as reading and driving. However, earlier on, you can make small changes at home to manage the condition such as:
- Using brighter lights at home and at work.
- Wearing anti-glare sunglasses to protect your eyes from the harsh light of the sun.
- Using magnifying lenses for reading to avoid straining your eyes.
- You could also get a new prescription for eyeglasses to improve your vision.
In conclusion, having cataracts is not necessarily the end of the world. All you need to remember to do s to see your doctor for regular check-ups, be open with your doctor if cataracts get in the way of normal activities and encourage family members to get checked for cataracts since the condition can run in families.